Importance of Terpenes and the Entourage Effect in CBD Products

Importance of Terpenes and the Entourage Effect in CBD Products

Terpenes are significant elements in CBD products. Here is a timely user guide to their meaning, magnitude, and consequences.

What are Terpenes?

It is true that when most people hear the word terpenes, their minds automatically click cannabis. Many people don’t know that many plants and fruits contain aromatic compounds called terpenes. The only difference is that compared to most plants, the cannabis plants contain higher concentrations of terpenes. Terpenes found in the cannabis plant have various health benefits. These benefits are the reasons why terpenes are important in CBD products.

Most of us have noticed that plants have different scents. A research survey done three years ago also revealed that 60% of cannabis users choose their preferred strain based on its aroma. The scent of many plants and herbs is determined by the highly aromatic compounds called terpenes. Through their fragrances, you can easily differentiate various plants, fruits, flowers, and spices, such as rosemary, lavender, roses, mangoes, lemons, and cannabis.

Terpenes are mostly made up of hydrocarbons and isoprene molecules found in most essential oils’ chemical compositions. Each isoprene molecule is made up of five carbon atoms (with double bonds). Therefore, the molecular formula of terpene hydrocarbons is (C5H8)n, where represents the number of units involved. Calculating the number of carbon atoms per isoprene molecule is a simple task because each has five carbon atoms. Depending on the number of isoprene units, terpene hydrocarbons are classified as follows (from the simplest terpenes to the most complex):

  • Monoterpenes have 2 isoprene units and 10 carbon atoms
  • Sesquiterpenes have 3 isoprene units and 15 carbon atoms
  • Diterpenes have 4 isoprene units and 20 carbon atoms
  • Triterpenes have 6 isoprene units and 30 carbon atoms
  • Tetraterpenes have 8 isoprene units and 40 carbon atoms

What is the difference between cannabinoids and terpenes?

Cannabinoids are chemical compounds that are found in the cannabis plant. The cannabis plant has more than 100 cannabinoids, but the cannabinoids that are most commonly known are tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). These cannabinoids activate varying receptors in the body’s endocannabinoid system, but THC causes the ‘high’ effect while CBD has no euphoria.

Even though they are responsible for the smell of plants and even some animal compounds, some terpenes have also been known to act on the body’s endocannabinoid system. However, terpenes do not cause a euphoric effect on people who use cannabis plants and their products. The compounds in the cannabis plants are categorized differently because the body absorbs and uses cannabinoids and terpenes in different ways.

Why are terpenes important?

By determining a plant’s smell, terpenes play vital roles that range from attracting animal pollinators such as bees and birds to repelling predators such as foraging animals and insects. Therefore, terpenes influence the reproductive processes of plants and can help a plant recover from damage. Terpenes also help keep infectious germs from plants by being a part of a plant’s immune system.

Terpenes have proved to be of great importance to manufacturers who extract the terpenes from plants to create various products such as spices and perfumes. These aromatic compounds called terpenes exist in thousands of unique chemical compositions.

As a result of selective breeding, the terpenes produced in the cannabis plant have evolved since the plant breeders determine which traits of the cannabis plant, and its terpenes, will be present in the next generation. Selective breeding is how cannabis breeders create different cannabis strains that have different aromas.

Depending on the concentration and method of use, different terpenes have different effects on the human body because they are bioactive. For example, inhaling some plants’ aroma and essential oils reduces a person’s stress levels and improves their mood. Therefore, terpenes are a major component of essential oils. Terpenes have also proven to enhance treatments such as aromatherapy.

Terpenes in CBD Products

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Sources: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31096276/ , https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-030-31269-5_15 , https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-030-62716-4_12https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30152161/

Terpenes, where do they come from?

These essential; building blocks called terpenes are produced in various parts of a plant, and different types of plants may produce terpenes at different sections of the plant. For example, like many plants, the cannabis plant produces terpenes in its flower. The cannabis flower has orange hairs that grow on each bud and are called trichomes. Trichomes are the major production points of terpenes for the cannabis plants.

You should know that some of the terpenes produced in the cannabis plants are also found in other plant kingdom species. Similar terpenes across the different plant species are why some cannabis strains have the aroma of other plants such as berries and pines. 

What is the entourage effect?

Simple

Selective breeding in cannabis plants is done to create aromatic plants; it is also used to enhance the experience of other cannabinoids to the user. Selective breeding is used to create different strains of the cannabis plant that cause different sensations and euphoric effects such as happy, relaxed, excited, invigorated, and uplifted.

Therefore, selecting Limonene to be present and dominant in a cannabis plant will enhance and influence users' high by making them feel excited and uplifted. The way terpenes affect and enhance the effects of cannabinoids on the user is called the entourage effect.

Another example of the entourage effect is the relationship between cannabinoids and myrcene. You might have heard a cannabis user saying that mangoes go well with a cannabis high—Myrcene, a terpene abundant in mangoes and also present in cannabis plants.

Complex

The endocannabinoid system is widely distributed throughout various body parts such as the brain. The endocannabinoid system is known to influence various functions such as mood swings, anxiety, and stress-coping mechanisms.

The primary binding sites for cannabinoids and phytocannabinoids that are produced by cannabis inflorescences are the CB1 and CB2 receptors. The cannabis plant is famous for its complex molecular profile. In addition to cannabinoids and phytocannabinoids, the cannabis plant also produces large amounts of varying terpenes.

Even though cannabis plants can be cross-bred, their plant height or leaflet width are distinguishing characteristics. Therefore, cannabis plants are characterized by their biochemical and pharmacological characteristics.

Selective breeding of cannabis plants enables breeders to determine which combination, and concentration, of cannabinoids, phytocannabinoids, and terpenes will create a strain that gives the desired entourage effect.   

Why is it important for you?

The growing number of mental conditions has been attributed to mood disorders especially among the youth, according to the American Psychological Association. The most common mood disorders are treatment-resistant forms of depression, co-morbid anxiety, and bipolar disorders. Various strains of cannabis sativa have been prescribed to treat various mood disorders such as depression and anxiety because endocannabinoids play an important role in mood disorders.

How do I use Terpenes? Applications

Comprised of isoprene units, terpenes are active plant components that are used in anti-inflammation, anti-carcinogenesis, and neuroprotection. You can also add terpenes to enhance the wellness experience. For example, adding terpenes can change a strain’s profile by adding a strong aroma especially if its natural scent was fading.

Adding terpenes to your buds is a simple process that also allows you to experiment with different terpenes by different cannabis strains depending on the targeted type of high, mood, and personal experience. Adding two drops of the terpene oil per gram of cannabis is enough because terpenes are extremely potent. You can also add 0.2 millimeters of terpene oil to effectively dilute potency. You can add terpenes to your: buds, distillate, shatter, oils, drinks, and more.

The proprietary blend of CBD oil with terpenes includes Caryophyllene (high percentage), Myrcene (high percentage), Sabinene, Geraniol, Humulene, Limonene, Linalool, Terpineol, and Terpinolene.

The Wrap-Up

Terpenes are mainly responsible for the different smells of different plants but are also active in other processes within the plants, such as enhancing the immune system. The cannabis plant has very high concentrations of terpenes and is used to manufacture various CBD products such as the CBD oils available at Cannaserene.com. Terpenes can help you choose the CBD type that is most useful to you whenever you visit Cannaserene.com for the best hemp extracts in the market.

CannaSerene, Hemp Extract Isolate Oil comes in the following strengths: 600mg, 1500mg, and 3000mg. Note that terpenes are not meant to be used while they are fully potent, and hence you should dilute them before adding them to products that are rich in cannabinoids. Go to  Cannaserene.com to get the perfect blend of terpenes and CBD oils to enhance your health and wellness lifestyle experience.

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